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Study shows star-shaped bread popular with children and could encourage more healthy eating

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
New research on different colors and shapes of bread, presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26), shows that star-shaped bread is particularly popular with young children and could help them make healthy food choices.

Study finds that chewing gum while walking affects both physical and physiological functions, especially in middle-aged and elderly men

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
New research presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26) shows chewing gum while walking increases heart rate and energy expenditure. The study was conducted by Dr Yuka Hamada and colleagues at Waseda University, Graduate School of Sport Sciences, Saitama, Tokyo, Japan.

Study finds that weight loss after obesity surgery can rapidly restore testosterone production and sex drive in morbidly obese men

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
New research presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26) shows that weight reduction following a sleeve gastrectomy (obesity surgery), which reduces the size of the stomach, can rapidly reverse obesity-related hypogonadism in morbidly obese men, restoring normal levels of testosterone and sex drive.

Google search data shows weight loss searches have increased over time while those on obesity have decreased

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
New research on Google trends data presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Vienna, Austria (May 23-26) shows that over time, searches using the terms weight loss have increased, while those using the word obesity have decreased, potentially suggesting a normalization of obesity in society.

By 2035 over 4 million adults will be morbidly obese across England, Wales, and Scotland

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
Across England, Wales, and Scotland, morbid obesity (BMI of 40kg/m² or over) rates in adults are expected to soar over the next 17 years, with the number of morbidly obese adults likely to exceed 4 million by 2035 -- more than double the 1.9 million in 2015, according to new research being presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity (ECO) .

Top nitrogen researchers imagine world beyond fossil fuels

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
At the invitation of the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Basic Energy Sciences, 17 top experts in nitrogen research gathered to discuss nitrogen activation chemistry and the field's future. Their conclusions form a review article in the journal 'Science.'

OSU biologist advocates ecological approach to improving human health

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
Chronic diseases like cancer, autoimmune disorders and obesity may ultimately vanquish the efforts of medical intervention unless people change their diet, a biologist argues in a paper published this week.

Phosphorus nutrition can hasten plant and microbe growth in arid, high elevation sites

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
Glacial retreat in cold, high-altitude ecosystems exposes environments that are extremely sensitive to phosphorus input, new University of Colorado Boulder-led research shows. The finding upends previous ecological assumptions, helps scientists understand plant and microbe responses to climate change and could expand scientists' understanding of the limits to life on Earth.

Study reveals gaps in follow-up care after concussion

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
Being discharged from a hospital trauma center after receiving treatment for a traumatic brain injury (TBI) does not necessarily mean that a patient has fully recovered. TBI can lead to long-lasting physical and cognitive symptoms, but a new study in JAMA Network Open suggests that many patients may not be receiving follow-up care.

Organic light-emitting diodes become brighter and more durable: layers made as ultrastable glasses improve device performance

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
Researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and Technische Universität Dresden have demonstrated the possibility of using ultrastable film formation to improve the performance of state-of-the-art OLEDs.

OLEDs become brighter and more durable

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
Researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and Technische Universität Dresden demonstrate the possibility of using ultrastable film formation to improve the performance of state-of-the-art OLEDs. In their joint paper published in Science Advances the researchers show in a detailed study significant increases of efficiency and operational stability (> 15 percent for both parameters and all cases, significantly higher for individual samples) are achieved for four different phosphorescent emitters.

Turning up the heat on thermoelectrics

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
Thermoelectric materials, heated under high magnetic fields, could produce record levels of energy, suggests a new study by MIT researchers.

Infantilism as a norm

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
Views on human age need to be revisited. The value of adulthood as a period of certainty has declined for many, which means that this period is being delayed. The processes of personality development vary, and adults are preserving signs of infantilism. HSE University experts, Elena Sabelnikova and Natalia Khmeleva, suggest a new way of looking at the phenomenon of infantilism in their paper Infantilism: Theoretical Construct and Operationalization which avoids a 'judgemental'.

How scientists analyse cell membranes

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
In an interdisciplinary collaboration, researchers at the University of Münster (Germany) have developed a method of visualizing an important component of the cell membrane in living cells. Therefore, they synthesized a family of new substances. The study has been published in "Cell Chemical Biology".

Scientific 'dream team' shed light on motor neuron death

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
A group of clinical neurologists, molecular biologists and computer scientists have worked together to solve the mystery of why motor neurons die in patients with motor neuron disease, published in Nature Communications this week.

Lung-on-a-chip simulates pulmonary fibrosis

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
New biotechnology reported in the journal Nature Communications could make testing potential medicine for pulmonary fibrosis, one of the most common and serious forms of lung disease, quicker and less expensive. The innovation, lung-on-a-chip technology, relies on the same technology used to print electronic chips, photolithography.

89% of the Moscow University Herbarium have been digitised in the last three years

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
A senior researcher of the Moscow University Herbarium published in Taxon journal the results of his work on the Moscow University Digital Herbarium. Working within the framework of the Noah's Ark project in the last three years, the scientist managed the data mining for the largest biodiversity database in Russia devoted to plants from different regions of the world.

NIH summit delivers recommendations to speed therapy development for Alzheimer's disease

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
The National Institute on Aging today released recommendations providing a roadmap for an integrated, multidisciplinary research agenda to inform priorities for Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. The recommendations are designed to guide continued efforts to build a collaborative, multi-stakeholder research environment capable of delivering urgently needed cures for people at all stages of the disease.

MSU-based molecular biologists compared human and yeast FACT

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
Today, scientists extensively study FACT -- a protein complex that plays a role in DNA packing within a nucleus, as well as in oncogenesis. A team of scientists from MSU working in cooperation with foreign colleagues found out similarities between the work of this complex in humans and yeast. This discovery helped predict the existence of a new protein that assists the FACT complex in humans.

A new guide for explorers of the submicroscopic world inside us

Jue, 05/24/2018 - 22:00
The new guidelines will benefit the battle against diseases such as cancer, assist in the development of new drugs and ensure scientific results are accurate and can be reproduced.

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