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Study: Most enrolled in Michigan's Medicaid expansion already either work or can't work

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
Nearly half of the people who enrolled in Medicaid after it expanded in Michigan have jobs, a new study finds. Another 11 percent can't work, likely due to serious physical or mental health conditions. And about 1 in 4 enrollees are out of work but also are much more likely to be in poor health. The new findings may inform discussions of potential work requirements for poor and near-poor Americans who qualify for expanded Medicaid.

A new weapon against bone metastasis?

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
A new antibody developed by Princeton researchers fights bone metastasis by undermining cancer's defense strategy and allowing chemotherapy to work.

Hyperlens crystal capable of viewing living cells in unprecedented detail

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
A fundamental advance in the quality of an optical material used to make hyperlenses makes it possible to see features on the surface of living cells in greater detail than ever before.

Brazilian researchers uncover 6 new species of silky anteater

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
In a recent study published in Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, a team of Brazilian researchers discovered six new species of silky anteater, a mammal that lives in tropical rain forests of the Amazon region and Central America.

AML study reports high response rates with combination targeted therapy

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
Initial findings from a multi-national open-label phase Ib study of inhibitory drug therapy for relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have demonstrated a complete response in up to 50 percent patients say researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

The direct route from A to C

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
We use specialized nerve cells for spatial orientation. The place cells fire whenever we stay in a particular place. The grid cells, on the other hand, measure distances and play a crucial role in path integration. So much for the theory. Scientists from the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) and the University Hospital Heidelberg have now, for the first time, provided experimental proof of this.

World-first uses satellites and ocean models to explain Antarctic seafloor biodiversity

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
In a world-first, a research team of Australian and international scientists has used data collected by satellites and an ocean model to explain and predict biodiversity on the Antarctic seafloor.

Financial incentives may increase breastfeeding rates

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
Offering new mothers financial incentives may significantly increase low breastfeeding rates, new research from the University of Sheffield and the University of Dundee has found.

Unravelling the mysteries of extragalactic jets

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
University of Leeds researchers have mathematically examined plasma jets from supermassive black holes to determine why certain types of jets disintegrate into huge plumes.

Does prescription opioid use by one household member increase risk of prescribed use in others?

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
Living in a household with a prescription opioid user may be associated with increased risk of prescription opioid use by other household members.

Drug for spinal muscular atrophy prompts ethical dilemmas, Stanford bioethicists say

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
Medical experts at Stanford and their colleagues at several other universities have raised ethical questions about the way a treatment for spinal muscular atrophy is being used.

High-intensity exercise delays Parkinson's progression

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
High-intensity exercise three times a week is safe for individuals with early-stage Parkinson's disease and delays progression of motor symptoms, reports a new study of individuals with the disease. The exercise needs to between 80 and 85 percent maximum heart rate for the benefit. It's the first time high-intensity exercise has been tested in Parkinson's patients. It was previously thought it was too physically stressful for patients.

African deforestation not as great as feared

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
The loss of forests in Africa in the past century is substantially less than previously estimated, an analysis of historical records and paleontology evidence by Yale researchers shows.

Presenting facts as 'consensus' bridges conservative-liberal divide over climate change

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
New evidence shows that 'social facts' highlighting expert consensus changes perceptions across US political spectrum -- particularly among highly educated conservatives. Facts that encourage agreement are a promising way of cutting through today's 'post-truth' bluster, say psychologists.

A global north-to-south shift in wind power by end of century

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
Wind resources in the next century may decrease in many regions in the Northern Hemisphere -- and could sharply increase in several hotspot regions down south.

Tiny ice losses at Antarctica's fringes can accelerate ice loss far away

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
It is known that the ice shelves surrounding the continent regulate the ice flow from the land into the ocean. Now scientists found that also melting near the fringes and in the midst of the ice shelves can have direct effects reaching very far inland. This could increase ice loss and hence sea-level rise.

Large genetic study links tendency to undervalue future rewards with ADHD, obesity

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have found a genetic signature for delay discounting -- the tendency to undervalue future rewards -- that overlaps with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), smoking and weight.

Liver cancer: Lipid synthesis promotes tumor formation

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
Lipid, also known as fat, is an optimal energy source and an important cell component. Much is required for the rapid and uncontrolled growth of cancer cells. Researchers from the Biozentrum of the University of Basel and from the University of Geneva have now discovered that the protein mTOR stimulates the production of lipids in liver tumors to satisfy the increased nutrient turnover and energy needs of cancer cells among other functions.

Research offers guidelines to improve patient care for sexual assault survivors

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
Disclosing personal history of sexual assault and other forms of abuse to a primary care physician can have a profound impact on the patient's experience in the doctor's office as well as the quality of care, according to a review published in The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.

Immunotherapy strategy could be beneficial for relapsed acute myeloid leukemia

Dom, 12/10/2017 - 23:00
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers will present preliminary results from an ongoing phase II trial of chemotherapy and pembrolizumab in relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia at the 59th American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting in Atlanta on Saturday, Dec. 9.

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