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We are much more unique than assumed

Dom, 06/18/2017 - 22:00
Every human being has a unique DNA 'fingerprint'. In other words, the genetic material of any two individuals can be clearly distinguished. Computational biologists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now determined that the impact of these variations has been greatly underestimated. The new insights could importantly impact advances in personalized medicine.

Study reveals factors associated with hospital discharges against doctors' advice

Dom, 06/18/2017 - 22:00
A new study has found that certain factors are linked with a person's decision to leave the hospital against the advice of his or her care provider.

Self-medication misuse is high in the Middle East

Dom, 06/18/2017 - 22:00
A new review indicates that there is a massive problem of self-medication misuse in the Middle East.

Monitoring soil structure changes after compaction

Dom, 06/18/2017 - 22:00
Soil compaction is a global threat to soil ecosystem services, causing tremendous costs to society. The costs of soil compaction are borne by the cumulative loss of soil functionality (e.g. yield loss) following a compaction event until the soil has functionally recovered. Although soil compaction is relatively widely studied, there is a lack of reliable observations and metrics for soil structure recovery rates after compaction.

Medicaid expansion states saw ER visits go up, uninsured ER visits go down

Dom, 06/18/2017 - 22:00
States that expanded Medicaid coverage under the Affordable Care Act (the ACA) saw 2.5 emergency department visits more per 1,000 people after 2014, while the share of emergency department visits by the uninsured decreased by 5.3 percent. The results of a study of 25 states will be published online Monday in Annals of Emergency Medicine, along with an accompanying editorial.

Ebola vaccine developed in Canada shows promising results

Dom, 06/18/2017 - 22:00
A phase 1 randomized controlled trial has found an Ebola virus disease vaccine, developed in Canada, was well-tolerated with no safety concerns, and high antibodies were present in participants six months after immunization. The study, led by Canadian researchers, is published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Tenth year of data on cardiac arrhythmia treatment launched at European congress

Sáb, 06/17/2017 - 22:00
The tenth year of data on cardiac arrhythmia treatment is being launched at EHRA EUROPACE - CARDIOSTIM 2017.

Airborne viruses live for 45 minutes

Sáb, 06/17/2017 - 22:00
Australian scientists from Queensland University of Technology and The University of Queensland have developed a new technique to study how some common disease causing bacteria can spread up to 4m and remain alive in the air for up to 45 minutes.

Forecasting strong precipitation -- the potential of potential deformation

Sáb, 06/17/2017 - 22:00
A new parameter, called potential deformation (PD), is used in a simulated mesoscale convective system (MCS) to examine its performance in precipitation diagnosis. The study implies great potential for using PD in precipitation detection and forecasting.

Using sunlight to the max

Sáb, 06/17/2017 - 22:00
A floating membrane that uses sunlight to evaporate water shows potential for water purification.

New three-in-one blood test opens door to precision medicine for prostate cancer

Sáb, 06/17/2017 - 22:00
Scientists have developed a three-in-one blood test that could transform treatment of advanced prostate cancer through use of precision drugs designed to target mutations in the BRCA genes. By testing cancer DNA in the bloodstream, researchers found they could pick out which men with advanced prostate cancer were likely to benefit from treatment with exciting new drugs called PARP inhibitors.

Acupuncture relieves pain in emergency patients: Study

Sáb, 06/17/2017 - 22:00
The world's largest randomized controlled trial of acupuncture in emergency departments has found the treatment is a safe and effective alternative to pain-relieving drugs for some patients.Led by RMIT University in Melbourne, Australia, the study found acupuncture was as effective as pain medicine in providing long-term relief for patients who came to emergency in considerable pain.But the trial, conducted in the emergency departments of four hospitals, showed pain management remains a critical issue.