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Newly discovered viral marker could help predict flu severity in infected patients

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Flu viruses contain defective genetic material that may activate the immune system in infected patients, and new research published in PLOS Pathogens suggests that lower levels of these molecules could increase flu severity.

Metallic nanoparticles will help to determine the percentage of volatile compounds

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Researchers from the Faculties of Chemistry and of Materials Science of Lomonosov Moscow State University have developed a new way of increasing the sensitivity of detecting volatile compounds, especially chlorine, using metallic nanoparticles. The work has been published in the Talanta journal.

NASA sees Tropical Depression 26W form and quickly unravel

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Tropical Depression 26W formed early on Oct. 19 and by late morning the storm was already coming unraveled in NASA satellite imagery.

IU business law scholars: Leidos case shouldn't have reached Supreme Court

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
One of the most anticipated cases to be argued before the US Supreme Court this term -- Leidos v. Indiana Public Retirement System -- was settled Monday. But two professors in Indiana University's Kelley School of Business continue to raise serious questions as to why the case ever would have come before the nation's highest court.

New mapping tool tracks elk migration to reduce brucellosis risk

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Wildlife managers and ranchers in the greater Yellowstone ecosystem soon will have a new mapping tool for reducing the risk of brucellosis outbreaks in cattle. That's thanks to research led by scientists at the University of Wyoming and the US Geological Survey.

BU: More permissive concealed-carry laws linked to higher homicide rates

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Easier access to concealed firearms is associated with significantly higher rates of handgun-related homicide, according to a new study led by a Boston University School of Public Health researcher.

Logged tropical rainforests still support biodiversity even when the heat is on

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Tropical rainforests continue to buffer wildlife from extreme temperatures even after logging, a new study has revealed.

Curve-eye-ture: How to grow artificial corneas

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Research reveals corneal cells grown on curved surfaces arrange themselves in a regular lattice structure giving the artificial cornea strength and transparency like that normally found in the human eye.

Risk for developing HPV-related throat cancer low

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
A new study by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers shows that the risk of developing HPV-related throat cancer remains generally low.

New study shows TBI laws effective at reducing rate of recurrent concussions

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
A recent study from the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children's Hospital done in conjunction with researchers from Colorado School of Public Health at the University at Colorado and Temple University used data from a large, national sports injury surveillance system to determine the effect of state-level TBI laws on trends of new and recurrent concussions among US high school athletes.

Sequencing of stevia plant genome revealed for first time by Purecircle Stevia Institute

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
For the first time, scientists have completed the sequencing of the stevia plant genome. Lead scientists from PureCircle Stevia Institute and KeyGene have unveiled this major breakthrough in research showing the annotated, high-quality genome sequences of three stevia cultivars.

Field trips of the future?

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Biologist Douglas McCauley examines the benefits and drawbacks of virtual and augmented reality in teaching environmental science.

Researchers pinpoint causes for spike in breast cancer genetic testing

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
A sharp rise in the number of women seeking BRCA genetic testing to evaluate their risk of developing breast cancer was driven by multiple factors, including celebrity endorsement, according to researchers at the University of Georgia.

Research yields test to predict bitter pit disorder in Honeycrisp apples

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
A test to determine whether bitter pit -- a disorder that blindsides apple growers by showing up weeks or months after picking -- will develop in stored Honeycrisp apples was developed by a team of Penn State researchers, promising to potentially save millions of dollars annually in wasted fruit.

Researchers find evidence of DNA damage in veterans with Gulf War illness

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Veterans Affairs researchers say they have found the 'first direct biological evidence' of damage in veterans with Gulf War illness to DNA within cellular structures that produce energy in the body.

NASA sees intensifying Typhoon Lan stretch high in the troposphere

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM satellite provided 3-D data that showed intensifying Typhoon Lan had powerful thunderstorms stretching high into the troposphere. NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite provided a visible image Typhoon Lan that showed the well-developed circulation.

Using optical chaos to control the momentum of light

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Controlling and moving light poses serious challenges. One major hurdle is that light travels at different speeds and in different phases in different components of an integrated circuit. For light to couple between optical components, it needs to be moving at the same momentum. Now, a team of researchers has demonstrated a new way to control the momentum of broadband light in a widely-used optical component known as a whispering gallery microcavity (WGM).

Number of newly diagnosed cancer patients without insurance drops in first year of ACA

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
The number of newly diagnosed cancer patients who were uninsured fell by one-third in the first year of the Affordable Care Act's implementation, according to research from Indiana University.

The blob that ate the tokamak: Physicists gain understanding of bubbles at edge of plasmas

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Scientists at PPPL have completed new simulations that could provide insight into how blobs at the plasma edge behave. The simulations, produced by a code called XGC1 developed by a national team based at PPPL, performed kinetic simulations of two different regions of the plasma edge simultaneously.

New tyrannosaur fossil is most complete found in southwestern US

Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
A fossilized skeleton of a tyrannosaur discovered in Utah's Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument was airlifted by helicopter Oct. 15, and delivered to the Natural History Museum of Utah where it will be uncovered, prepared, and studied. The fossil is approximately 76 million years old and is likely an individual of the species Teratophoneus curriei.

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