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NJIT researchers will follow in the moon's slipstream to capture high-res sunspot images

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
While much of the research around the eclipse on Monday will focus on the effects of the Sun's brief, daytime disappearance on Earth and its atmosphere, a group of solar physicists will be leveraging the rare event to capture a better glimpse of the star itself.

Ocean channel in Bahamas marks genetic divide in Brazilian free-tailed bats

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Brazilian free-tailed bats are expert flyers, capable of migrating hundreds of miles and regularly traveling more than 30 miles a night. But they pull up short at a narrow ocean channel that cuts across the Bahamas, dividing bat populations that last shared an ancestor hundreds of thousands of years ago.

Satellite sees the formation of eastern Pacific's Tropical Depression 13E

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
The thirteenth tropical depression of the Eastern Pacific Ocean season formed on Aug. 18. NOAA's GOES-Wet satellite captured an image of the new storm.

OU astrophysicist predicts detached, eclipsing white dwarfs to merge into exotic star

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
A University of Oklahoma astrophysicist, Mukremin Kilic, and his team have discovered two detached, eclipsing double white dwarf binaries with orbital periods of 40 and 46 minutes, respectively. White dwarfs are the remnants of Sun-like stars, many of which are found in pairs, or binaries.

To reduce postoperative pain, consider sleep -- and caffeine

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
A new preclinical study found that a brief period of extended wakefulness before surgery enhances pain and prolongs recovery time after surgery. Caffeine administration helped to reduce the harmful effects of sleep loss on subsequent surgical pain.

New bioimaging technique is fast and economical

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
A new approach to optical imaging makes it possible to quickly and economically monitor multiple molecular interactions in a large area of living tissue -- such as an organ or a small animal; technology that could have applications in medical diagnosis, guided surgery, or pre-clinical drug testing.

NASA looks at rainfall in Tropical Storm Harvey

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Tropical Storm Harvey is now moving into the eastern Caribbean Sea. NASA's GPM core satellite examined the soaking rainfall the new tropical storm was generating along its path.

Research reveals how physical exercise protects the heart

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
A study by the University of São Paulo (USP) in Brazil, published recently in the journal Autophagy, helps to elucidate part of the mechanism whereby aerobic exercise protects the sick heart. The benefits of exercise range from prevention of cachexia -- severe loss of weight and muscle mass -- and control of arterial blood pressure to improved cardiac function, postponing a degenerative process that causes progressive heart cell death. About 70% of heart failure patients die from the condition within five years.

Study of California kidney cancer shows declining incidence, end of a trend

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Study of kidney cancer incidence in California over 25 years is the first report to demonstrate that the rising rate of kidney cancer seen in the US over the past two decades may have ended.

Discovered: A quick and easy way to shut down instabilities in fusion devices

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
This article describes suppression of instabilities with new neutral beam injector.

Make way for hemoglobin

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Harvard Medical School researchers have identified the mechanism behind red blood cell specialization and revealed that it is controlled by an enzyme called UBE2O. This finding could spark the development of new treatments for blood disorders and cancers.

Paper: Clinical signs best predictors of mortality in critically ill calves

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Clinical signs such as gastrointestinal problems may be better predictors of mortality in neonatal calves with diarrhea than blood pH levels and other laboratory findings, suggests a new study co-written by University of Illinois veterinary medicine dean Peter Constable; Florian M. Trefz and Annette Lorch, both of the Center of Veterinary Clinical Medicine at Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich; and Ingrid Lorenz, of the Bavarian Animal Health Service.

Smokers 20 percent more likely to quit when cigarettes cost $1 more

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Smokers were found to be 20 percent more likely to quit smoking when packs of cigarettes cost just one dollar more, according to a new public health study out of Drexel University.

GIST tumors linked to NF1 mutations, genetic testing needed

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Researchers at UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center, with colleagues from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and Fox Chase Cancer Center, have determined that a specific region of the small bowel, called the duodenal-jejunal flexure or DJF, shows a high frequency of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) with mutations of the NF1 gene.

ASTRO supports US Nuclear Regulatory Commission final rule

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) applauds the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission for yesterday's announcement of a final rule that updates the definition of medical events for permanent implant brachytherapy and protects patients' access to this treatment.

Despite benefits, half of parents against later school start times

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Leading pediatrics and sleep associations agree: Teens shouldn't start school so early. Yet University of Michigan research finds parents are split almost down the middle on whether they support delays in school start times that might permit their 13- to 17-year-olds to sleep later on school days.

NASA gets a final look at Hurricane Gert's rainfall

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Before Hurricane Gert became a post-tropical cyclone, NASA got a look at the rainfall occurring within the storm. After Gert became post-tropical NOAA's GOES-East satellite captured an image as Gert was merging with another system.

Hot spot at Hawaii? Not so fast

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Rice University geophysicists use a new model to conclude that volcanic hot spots around the globe aren't moving as fast as recently thought.

Spoiler alert: Computer simulations provide preview of next week's eclipse

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Researchers from Predictive Science Inc. used NASA and National Science Foundation-supported supercomputers to run highly-detailed forecasts of the Sun's corona -- the aura of plasma that surrounds the sun -- at the moment of the eclipse. The team combined data from NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, magnetic field maps, solar rotation rates and cutting-edge mathematical models to predict the state of the Sun's surface. The simulations are the largest produced by the group and include new physics.

Can Twitter aid disaster response? New IST research examines how

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
With over 500 million tweets sent every single day, new research from the Penn State College of Information Sciences and Technology (IST) is investigating innovative ways to use that data to help communities respond during unexpected catastrophes.

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