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By sending tests in the mail, researchers boost colorectal cancer screening

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers report that mailing colorectal cancer screening tests to patients insured by Medicaid increased screening rates for this population. Patients who received a screening kit in the mail were more likely to be screened than patients who received a reminder, a finding that suggests this method could serve as a model to improve screening on a larger scale.

Study finds deep subterranean connection between two Japan volcanoes

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
Scientists have confirmed for the first time that radical changes of one volcano in southern Japan was the direct result of an erupting volcano 22 kilometers (13.7 miles) away. The observations from the two volcanos -- Aira caldera and Kirishima -- show that the two were connected through a common subterranean magma source in the months leading up to the 2011 eruption of Kirishima.

Routine, coordinated treatment of opioid abuse can stem national epidemic

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
To help stem the nationwide opioid epidemic and related increases in HIV, hepatitis C and other infections, health care providers should routinely screen and treat patients for opioid abuse when they come to clinics and hospitals seeking other services. That's one of five recommendationsin a paper published in the Annals of Internal Medicine that supplements a document that outlines the proceedings of a March 12, 2018, workshop convened on the topic by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine.

Products of omega-3 fatty acid metabolism may have anticancer effects, study shows

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
A class of molecules formed when the body metabolizes omega-3 fatty acids could inhibit cancer's growth and spread, University of Illinois researchers report in a new study in mice. In mice with tumors of osteosarcoma - a bone cancer that is notoriously painful and difficult to treat -- endocannabinoids slowed the growth of tumors and blood vessels, inhibited the cancer cells from migrating and caused cancer cell death.

Deaths from cardiovascular disease rising in India, study finds

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
Death due to cardiovascular disease is on the rise in India, causing more than one quarter of all deaths in the country in 2015 and affecting rural populations and young adults the most, suggests a new study.

Researchers discover natural product that could lead to new class of commercial herbicide

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
A team of UCLA engineers and scientists discovered a new and potentially highly effective type of weed killer. This finding could lead to the first new class of commercial herbicides in more than 30 years, an important outcome as weeds continue to develop resistance to current herbicide regimens.

The secret sulfate code that lets the bad Tau in

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
Researchers at the UT Southwestern Medical Center have uncovered details of how cells invite inside corrupted proteins that can turn normal proteins corrupt, leading to neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. Understanding the molecular details of how these proteins spread from cell to cell could lead to therapies to halt disease progression.

Testosterone research brings new hope for cancer patients

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
Approximately 20 percent of cancer related deaths are attributed to the syndrome of cachexia. Dr. Melinda Sheffield-Moore, professor and head of the Department of Health and Kinesiology, along with researchers at University of Texas Medical Branch, recently published research in the Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle showing that the hormone testosterone is effective at combatting cachexia in cancer patients and improving quality of life.

PTSD rate among prison employees equals that of war veterans

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
Prison employees experience PTSD on par with Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans, a new study from a Washington State University College of Nursing researcher found.

The love lives of fruit flies

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
New study reveals that a male fruit fly's decision to court or ignore a female stems from the convergence of motivation, perception and chance. The triad affects the balance of excitatory versus inhibitory signals in the brain to influence decision making. Findings may yield insights about addiction disorders, depression.

Is surgery the best option for penetrating kidney trauma?

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
SLU surgeon Sameer A. Siddiqui, M.D., and his research team examined patient records to study the best approach for renal trauma injuries.

Tuning into quantum: Scientists unlock signal frequency control of precision atom qubits

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
Australian scientists have achieved a new milestone in their approach to creating a quantum computer chip in silicon, demonstrating the ability to tune the control frequency of a qubit by engineering its atomic configuration. The work has been published in Science Advances.

NASA finds fragmented remnants of Beryl, located west of Bermuda

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
The remnants of former Tropical Storm Beryl are being battered by upper level winds, and that's fragmenting them even more. NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the northwestern Atlantic Ocean and found some of those scattered thunderstorms were strong.

Residential segregation associated with black-white disparity in firearm homicide rates

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
Residential segregation is linked to many racial disparities in health, including cancer, high blood pressure, and diabetes. Now, a new study led by Boston University School of Public Health researchers suggests the likelihood of dying from gun violence can be added to the list of adverse health outcomes associated with structural racism in the US.

Reading rivers

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
In a new study, Harvard researchers say they may be able to estimate how glaciers moved by examining how the weight of the ice sheet altered topography and led to changes in the course of the river. The study is described in a July 2018 paper published in Geology.

Sticking with the wrong choice

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
New research from the University of Minnesota published in the journal Science discovered that mice, rats, and humans all commit the sunk cost fallacy.

Study: Journalists view co-workers as more ethical than peers

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
The University of Texas at Dallas' Dr. Angela Lee explored journalists' opinions about one another -- both their co-workers and their peers. As it turns out, they act much like the general public by trusting the actions of professionals working with them more than journalists at other outlets. The research was published online May 30 in the journal Journalism.

Theorists publish highest-precision prediction of muon magnetic anomaly

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
Latest calculation based on how subatomic muons interact with all known particles comes out just in time for comparison with precision measurements at new 'Muon g-2' experiment.

Study describes enzyme's key role in immune response to Chagas disease parasite

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
A study shows that the expression of PI3Kγ protein increases during infection by T. cruzi, an essential response in avoiding excessive inflammation and controlling parasitemia. Heart tissue analyses involving human patients who developed cardiopathy in the disease's chronic stage also provided results. The next challenge is to devise treatment for Chagas using molecules capable of modulating the cellular signaling pathway mediated by PI3Kγ.

National Academies target opioid abuse and infectious disease consequences

EurekAlert! - Jue, 07/12/2018 - 22:00
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine today released proceedings of a March 12 workshop exploring the rise in infectious diseases accompanying opioid abuse, and possible strategies for reducing both epidemics.

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