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Timing and duration matters for school lunch and recess

EurekAlert! - Sáb, 04/22/2017 - 22:00
Researchers find that the duration and timing of lunch and recess is related to food choices and the physical activity of school children. These findings could help schools make policies that promote healthier school lunches and increased physical activity during recess.

Totally bizarre facts about the star-nosed mole

EurekAlert! - Sáb, 04/22/2017 - 22:00
In a new synthesis of anatomy research, scientists showcase the surprising, record-breaking and just plain weird adaptations of the star-nosed mole. The animal eats faster and sports a more sensitive touch organ than any other mammal, is the first mammal known to smell underwater and offers fascinating insights about the brain-body interface.

Social scientists tell Congress: 'Don't cut our funding'

Nature News - Sáb, 04/22/2017 - 09:28

Linguists, anthropologists and political scientists take to Capitol Hill to defend their research.

Nature News doi: 10.1038/nature.2017.21801

Testing urine for particular proteins could be key to preventing kidney transplant failure

EurekAlert! - Vie, 04/21/2017 - 22:00
Testing for molecular markers in the urine of kidney transplant patients could reveal whether the transplant is failing and why, according to research presented at the 27th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.

Drug-resistant bacteria in patients' urine or stools raise risk of drug-resistant sepsis

EurekAlert! - Vie, 04/21/2017 - 22:00
People who have recently been found to have drug-resistant bacteria in their urine or stool samples have a greatly increased risk of developing a bloodstream infection that is also resistant to certain antibiotics, according to a study presented at the 27th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.

New research sheds light on treating bloodstream infections with fewer side effects

EurekAlert! - Vie, 04/21/2017 - 22:00
Two presentations at the 27th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) from the INCREMENT study shed light on ways to treat bloodstream infections with fewer side effects and without the need for antimicrobials of 'last resort'. One of the studies is published simultaneously in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Could genetics influence what we like to eat?

EurekAlert! - Vie, 04/21/2017 - 22:00
Gene variants could affect food preferences in healthy people, according to a new study. The findings could lead to new strategies that make it easier for people to stick to an optimal diet.

Cleveland Clinic study finds obesity as top cause of preventable life-years lost

EurekAlert! - Vie, 04/21/2017 - 22:00
A team of researchers from Cleveland Clinic and New York University School of Medicine have found that obesity resulted in as much as 47 percent more life-years lost than tobacco, and tobacco caused similar life-years lost as high blood pressure.

4 exciting advances in food and nutrition research

EurekAlert! - Vie, 04/21/2017 - 22:00
New discoveries tied to how food affects our body and why we make certain food choices could help inform nutrition plans and policies that encourage healthy food choices. The Experimental Biology 2017 meeting (EB 2017) will showcase groundbreaking research in food policy, nutrition and the biochemistry of food.

Four exciting diabetes and obesity research discoveries

EurekAlert! - Vie, 04/21/2017 - 22:00
With more than one-third of adults in the US considered obese, researchers are searching for new ways to treat obesity and associated health problems such as type 2 diabetes. The Experimental Biology 2017 meeting (EB 2017) will showcase new insights into the causes of obesity and research that could inform new strategies for losing weight.

Cancer research advances: 5 leads for better diagnosis and treatment

EurekAlert! - Vie, 04/21/2017 - 22:00
Featured research includes a non-invasive new screening approach for breast cancer, leads for drug discovery and insights on a cancer-protective diet.

Scientists and engineers push the envelope for better heart health

EurekAlert! - Vie, 04/21/2017 - 22:00
Featured research includes a 'neuroprosthetic' device that restores cardiac function in patients with spinal cord injuries, 3-D printed heart valves, new leads for the treatment of clogged arteries, advances in stem cell therapy and new ways to visualize immune system dynamics.

Predicting severe liver disease: Obesity, insulin, diabetes, cholesterol, alcohol

EurekAlert! - Vie, 04/21/2017 - 22:00
A study conducted in Finland demonstrates that in the general population, central obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes, lipid abnormalities and high alcohol consumption were the strongest predictors of severe liver disease. The study, presented at The International Liver Congress™ 2017 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, also found that the only significant predictor of severe liver disease among individuals who consume high amounts of alcohol (210 g/week in men, and 140 g/week in women), is diabetes.

Long-term treatment of decompensated cirrhosis with human albumin improves survival

EurekAlert! - Vie, 04/21/2017 - 22:00
Results from the ANSWER study showed that long-term administration of human albumin improves the survival rate of patients with decompensated cirrhosis. The study, presented at The International Liver Congress™ 2017 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, demonstrated that treatment with human albumin also improved the management of ascites (accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity) and quality of life, and reduced the incidence of severe complications of the disease and the need for hospitalization.

Cold weather & fewer sun hours are associated with increased rates of alcoholic cirrhosis

EurekAlert! - Vie, 04/21/2017 - 22:00
New data presented at The International Liver Congress™ 2017 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, suggests that colder and less sunny regions of the world have higher rates of alcoholic cirrhosis, a disease caused by excessive drinking which results in irreversible scarring of the liver. An international team of scientists found that every increase in temperature of one degree Celsius was linked with a decrease in the alcohol-attributable fraction of cirrhosis of 0.3 percent.

Trial of fibrate therapy in primary biliary cholangitis shows treatment is well tolerated

EurekAlert! - Vie, 04/21/2017 - 22:00
The results of the BEZURSO study, found that bezafibrate in combination with UDCA normalized prognostic markers of liver disease in patients with PBC with an inadequate response to UDCA. The study, presented at The International Liver Congress™ 2017 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, showed that the bezafibrate and UDCA combination therapy was well tolerated, normalized prognostic biochemical parameters, improved fatigue and itching, and prevented progression of liver stiffness and ELF score, which are predictors of liver failure and mortality.

SIRT is better tolerated than sorafenib, but doesn't increase overall survival in HCC

EurekAlert! - Vie, 04/21/2017 - 22:00
Results of the SARAH trial demonstrate that SIRT resulted in median OS of 8.0 months compared to 9.9 months with sorafenib (p=0.179), in patients with locally advanced and inoperable HCC. The trial, presented at The International Liver Congress™ 2017 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, further demonstrated that the cumulative incidence of radiologic progression in the liver as the first event was significantly lower in the SIRT group compared to the sorafenib group.

New therapy has potential to advance the treatment of pediatric cholestatic liver diseases

EurekAlert! - Vie, 04/21/2017 - 22:00
Results from a study of a novel ileal bile acid transport inhibitor, A4250, demonstrated that it reduced levels of blood bile acids, which are characteristic of many liver diseases and often associated with severe liver damage, in children with cholestatic liver diseases. The data, presented at The International Liver Congress™ 2017 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, showed that oral treatment with A4250 improved itching in 74 percent of patients and was well tolerated.

Gearing up for the March for Science

Nature News - Vie, 04/21/2017 - 12:02

Nature will cover marches from around the world on 22 April as people take to the streets in support of science.

Nature News doi: 10.1038/nature.2017.21853

Teaching load could put female scientists at career disadvantage

Nature News - Vie, 04/21/2017 - 12:02

Male scientists in the United Kingdom report teaching less than their female counterparts, while women and minorities tend to feel disadvantaged in their careers.

Nature News doi: 10.1038/nature.2017.21839

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