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Harvard-Osher integrative medicine's mind-body partnership with JACM

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
The Osher Center for Integrative Medicine at Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital has engaged a partnership with JACM, The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine to highlight the best new research in the mushrooming field of mind-body medicine.

Overcoming the last line of antibiotic resistance against bacterial infections

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
A recent study published in Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology presents a comprehensive overview of S. aureus' remarkable resilience against our body's immune system and how to better protect against deadly infections, with implications for overcoming antibiotic resistance.

Satellite watches remnants of Tropical Storm Harvey near Honduras

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
NOAA's GOES-East satellite has been watching the remnants for former Tropical Storm Harvey as it tracks west across the Caribbean Sea. Early on Aug. 21 the remnants were just off the coast of eastern Honduras.

Spaser can detect, kill circulating tumor cells to prevent cancer metastases, study finds

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
A nanolaser known as the spaser can serve as a super-bright, water-soluble, biocompatible probe capable of finding metastasized cancer cells in the blood stream and then killing these cells, according to a new research study.

New meta-analysis shows peer influence doubles smoking risk for adolescents

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
Having friends who smoke doubles the risk that youth ages 10 to 19 will pick up the habit, finds new meta-analysis of 75 longitudinal teen smoking studies. This influence is more powerful in collectivistic cultures than in individualistic ones.

NASA sees major Hurricane Kenneth in Eastern Pacific

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
Former Tropical Depression 13E has strengthened into a Major Hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. NASA's Terra satellite passed over Kenneth and captured an image that showed a well-developed storm with a visible eye.

CAMH study shows global estimates of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder among children

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
Globally, nearly eight out of every 1,000 children in the general population is estimated to have Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), according to a new study by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH). In addition, it's estimated that one out of 13 women who consumed any alcohol at any point or frequency during pregnancy delivered a child with FASD.

Newly developed nomograms provide accurate predictions for patients with oropharyngeal cancer

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
NRG Oncology researchers recently developed and validated a nomogram that can predict 2-year and 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) for patients with local-regionally advanced oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) treated primarily with radiation-based therapy. This nomogram was developed with data from clinical trials NRG Oncology/RTOG 0129 and 0522. Results were published online in the Journal of Clinical Oncology on Aug. 4, 2017.

CHEO researchers identify practices leading to safer outcomes in procedural sedation for children

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
This study represents the largest and most robust prospective emergency department procedural sedation cohort to date. It includes children from six emergency departments across Canada, sedated with six different medication combinations. The results of the study show that choice of sedation medication had the biggest impact on the incidence of adverse events and need for significant interventions in response to those events.

Both chimpanzees and humans spontaneously imitate each other's actions 

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
Decades of research has shown that apes, in spite of their proverbial aping abilities, are rather poor imitators, especially when compared to human children. Current theories hold that apes are worse imitators because they lack this social and communicative side of imitation. A new study from Lund University, published in the journal Primates, has instead targeted the interactive side of imitation directly, and finds that the divide between humans and chimpanzees is less clear cut.

When fish swim in the holodeck

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
Standard behavior experiments to investigate behavior in popular lab animals only incompletely mimic natural conditions. The understanding of behavior and brain function is thus limited. Virtual Reality helps in generating a more natural experimental environment but requires immobilization of the animal, disrupting sensorimotor experience and causing altered neuronal and behavioral responses. Researchers have now developed a VR system for freely moving animals to overcome most of these limitations.

Many young cancer patients do not receive adequate fertility information and support

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
All cancer patients of reproductive age should be provided with fertility information and referrals for fertility preservation.

'Lost city' used 500 years of soil erosion to benefit crop farming

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
Researchers at the University of York working on a 700-year-old abandoned agricultural site in Tanzania have shown that soil erosion benefited farming practices for some 500 years.

Chronic stress induces fatal organ dysfunctions via a new neural circuit

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
New research reveals the mechanisms behind the effects of chronic stress and tiny inflammations in the brain on fatal gut failure.

In Neptune, it's raining diamonds

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
Researchers at HZDR have managed to demonstrate 'diamond showers' forming in the ice giants of our solar system. Using the ultra-strong X-ray laser and other facilities at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, they simulated the conditions inside the cosmic giants. For the first time ever, they were able to observe the fission of hydrocarbon and the conversion of carbon into diamonds in real time. They published their results in the journal Nature Astronomy.

Heating quantum matter: A novel view on topology

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
Certain quantities appear as integer multiples of fundamental and indivisible elements. This quantization of physical quantities at the heart of our description of Nature, made its way through the centuries, as evidenced by the antique concept of the atom. The discovery of quantized quantities has often been associated with a revolution in our understanding of nature's law, a striking example being the quantization of light in terms of photons, which led to our contemporary description of the microscopic world.

Research could help robots to correct errors on-the-fly and learn from each other

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
New stochastic separation theorems proved by University of Leicester mathematicians could enhance capabilities of artificial intelligence.

Nagoya physicists resolve long-standing mystery of structure-less transition

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
Nagoya University researchers probe a mysterious phase transition in an organic molecular conductor using synchrotron X-ray radiation.

Biochemical 'fingerprints' reveal diabetes progression

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
Researchers from Umeå University in Sweden describe a new method to study biochemical changes that occur in the pancreas during the development of diabetes. The method, recently published in Scientific Reports, is based on molecular spectroscopy and can be used to extract biochemical profiles (or 'fingerprints') containing information about disease progression. The method could facilitate improved understanding of the mechanistic processes on molecular and cellular levels that are key to the development of diabetes.

Before the flood: What drives preparedness?

EurekAlert! - Dom, 08/20/2017 - 22:00
More targeted efforts are needed from both the public and private insurance sectors in order to encourage people to take action to reduce their risk of flood damage, according to a new study of three European countries.

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