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NASA's Terra satellite sees Tropical Depression Carlotta weakening over Mexico

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
NASA Terra satellite captured an image of Tropical Depression Carlotta as it was making landfall in southwestern Mexico where it weakened into a remnant low pressure area.

An unlikely marriage among oxides

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
Sebastian Siol is looking for new materials with unusual properties that were so far not accessible in experiments. To do this, he connects partners who don't really fit together: One partner forces the other into a state that would not be possible without the unlikely pairing. Siol also makes sure that the crystal bonds last in everyday life. Only then are they interesting for industrial applications.

Tackling bullying could help reduce depression in autistic teens

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
Teenagers with difficulties in social communication, including autism, have higher rates of depressive symptoms, especially if they are being bullied.

Could this material enable autonomous vehicles to come to market sooner?

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
A new material developed by scientists at the USC Viterbi School of Engineering and the University of Wisconsin along with researchers from Air Force Research Laboratories, University of Missouri, and J.A. Woollam Co. Inc, might show promise for such infrared detection applications as autonomous vehicles, emergency services and even manufacturing.

New model for gauging ice sheet movement may improve sea-level-rise predictions

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
University of Kansas researchers discovered friction -- or 'basal drag' -- between ice sheets and the hard bed underneath has no influence on how fast glaciers flow.

Study shows approach can help English learners improve at math word problems

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
University of Kansas education professors have published a study showing that a comprehension-based strategy can help English learners improve their math word-problem solving abilities. The approach boosts reading comprehension and problem solving as well.

'Kiss of death' cancer

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
Monash researchers have developed a computer program which has revealed a previously unknown combination of drugs that may be the answer to Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC), using genetic and treatment data from TNBC cells grown in labs and from hundreds of patients world-wide. Importantly researchers can tell, by inputting patients' genomic and proteomic information into their computer model, who may benefit from this drug combination or not -- saving precious time.

Binge drinking during youth may impact future offspring

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
A rat model found preconception binge drinking may have negative consequences on future offspring's growth, social interactions and pubertal development, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of the Endocrine Society.

Risks of cancer and mortality by average lifetime alcohol intake

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
The risk of mortality, and of developing a number of cancers, is lowest in light drinkers consuming an average of less than one drink per day across their lifetime, and the risk of some cancers increases with each additional drink per week, according to a new study, published this week in PLOS Medicine by Andrew Kunzmann of Queen's University Belfast, and colleagues.

Researchers map cardiovascular disease risk across India

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
The average 10-year risk of developing cardiovascular disease varies widely among India's states, ranging from 13.2 percent to 19.5 percent, with substantial variation across socio-demographic groups according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine by Pascal Geldsetzer and Rifat Atun of Harvard University, and colleagues.

Rush hour metro crowd governed by people's eagerness to go home

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
Ever feared rush hours in a metro station? Carlo Bianca and Caterina Mogno from the French engineering research lab ECAM-EPMI have developed a new model to study the movement of crowds exiting a metro station. In a recent study published in EPJ Plus, they have for the first time employed models typically used to observe the interactions of gas molecules to assess the consequences of interactions between pedestrians in a crowd.

Teachers view immigrant, minority parents as less involved in their children's education

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
A study from the University of Pennsylvania revealed that such perspectives from educators can end up hampering the academic trajectory of the students involved.

When photons spice up the energy levels of quantum particles

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
For the first time, a team of mathematical physicists from Togo and Benin, call upon supersymmetry to explain the behaviour of particles that have received a photon and are subjected to particular potential energies known as shape-invariant potentials. In a paper published in EPJD, Komi Sodoga and colleagues affiliated with both the University of Lomé, Togo, and the University of Abomey-Calavi, in Cotonou, Benin, outline the details of their theory, which is useful for quantum optics and quantum mechanics applications.

Montana burial site answers questions about early humans

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
Scientists have shown that at the Anzick site in Montana - the only known Clovis burial site - the skeletal remains of a young child and the antler and stone artifacts found there were buried at the same time, raising new questions about the early inhabitants of North America, says a Texas A&M University professor involved in the research.

Futuristic data storage

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
The development of high-density data storage devices requires the highest possible density of elements in an array made up of individual nanomagnets. The closer they are together, the greater the magnetic interactions between them. In a paper published in EPJ B, P. Kim from the Kirensky Institute of Physics, associated with the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia, and colleagues have devised a new model to study the variation of the magnetic interaction between such nanomagnets.

Drones could be used to detect dangerous 'butterfly' landmines in post-conflict regions

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
Drones could be used to detect dangerous 'butterfly' landmines in remote regions of post-conflict countries, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University at New York.

Deep Brain Stimulation showing promise for patients with mild Alzheimer's disease over 65

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
An age group analysis of data from the ADvance trial has shown that participants over the age of 65 continue to derive the most benefit from Deep Brain Stimulation of the fornix (DBS-f), as observed in the data from the phase 2 findings (12 - 24 months) of the Phase II trial.

Creating a new composite fuel for new-generation fast reactors

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
Joint research efforts of a team of scientists at Lobachevsky University of Nizhny Novgorod (UNN) comprising chemists, physicists and engineers are currently focused on solving the problems of handling plutonium and minor actinides (MA) accumulated over many years. To this end, they are studying composite ceramics-ceramics (Cer-Cer) and ceramics-metal (CerMet) materials on the basis of mineral-like compounds (in particular, garnet minerals).

Study: Climate action can limit Asia's growing water shortages

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
Even 'modest' action to limit climate change could help prevent the most extreme water-shortage scenarios facing Asia by the year 2050, according to a new study led by MIT researchers.

Light pollution a reason for insect decline

EurekAlert! - Lun, 06/18/2018 - 22:00
Climate change, pesticides and land use changes alone cannot fully explain the decline in insect populations in Germany. Scientists from the Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB) have now discovered that regions that have experienced a sharp decline in flying insects also have high levels of light pollution. Many studies already suggest that artificial light at night has negative impacts on insects, and scientists should pay greater attention to this factor when exploring the causes of insect population declines in the future.

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