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USGS identifies largest continuous oil and gas resource potential ever

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
USGS announces an assessment of continuous oil and gas in Texas and New Mexico's Delaware Basin, the largest USGS has ever conducted, with an estimate of 46.3 billion barrels of oil and 281 trillion cubic feet of natural gas.

Deprescribing can be valuable tool in managing polypharmacy, experts say

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
Reducing the number of medications older adults use can have surprising benefits, according to research presented in a new issue of the journal Public Policy & Aging Report from The Gerontological Society of America.

Reusable respirators are an effective and viable option for protecting health care personnel

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
Half-facepiece reusable elastomeric respirators are an effective and viable option for protecting health care workers from exposure to airborne transmissible contaminants or infectious agents -- for example, influenza virus -- during day-to-day work or with a sudden or rapid influx of patients, such as during a public health emergency, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

US interstate highways need overhaul, says new report

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
The future of the US Interstate Highway System is threatened by a persistent and growing backlog of structural and operational deficiencies and by various looming challenges, such as the progress of automated vehicles, developments in electric vehicles, and vulnerabilities due to climate change.

Pumping up fitness app features may add muscle to workout commitment

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
Fitness apps are easy to download and can help motivate people to start workout routines, but that may not be enough to sustain those routines in the long run. However, Penn State researchers suggest there may be ways to tweak those apps to inspire a deeper commitment to a fitness routine and help users hit their fitness goals.

VCU researchers test effectiveness of anti-opioid vaccine

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
Virginia Commonwealth University researchers are testing a vaccine against opioid abuse developed by the Scripps Research Institute in California. The vaccine is meant to block the effects of heroin and fentanyl in patients with opioid use disorder.

Kidneys from deceased donors with acute kidney injury suitable for transplant

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
Organ procurement teams are sometimes leery of accepting kidneys from deceased donors with acute kidney injury (AKI), fearing they will harm the recipients. However, a national study chaired by a Johns Hopkins kidney specialist suggests these fears may be unfounded.

Purdue developing new treatment options for millions with autoimmune diseases

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
Purdue University researchers have developed a series of molecules that may provide more reliable relief with fewer side effects for people with any of several autoimmune diseases. The new molecules overcome difficulties with current drugs in targeting, for purposes of inhibiting, the appropriate form of Janus kinase, which has four forms affecting cell signaling and gene expression.

Engineers demonstrate mechanics of making foam with bubbles in distinct sizes

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
Rice University engineers fine-tune a microfluidic process for producing uniform bubbles to make ordered foams with bubbles in two or three distinct sizes. The customizable, 'wet' foams are intended for applications that include chemical and biological studies.

Hazelnuts improve older adults' micronutrient levels

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
Older adults who added hazelnuts to their diet for a few months significantly improved their levels of two key micronutrients.

What can a snowflake teach us about how cancer spreads in the body?

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
What can seashells, lightning and the coastline of Britain teach us about new drugs for cancer? The answer, according to a team of researchers at the USC Viterbi School of Engineering, may revolve around fractals, the infinitely complex patterns found in nature.

How do schools address self-harm in adolescents?

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
In a survey-based study of 153 secondary schools in England and Wales, staff stated that adolescent self-harm is an important concern, but emotional health and wellbeing is the primary health priority for schools.

Media coverage of disasters can have lasting effects on children's mental health

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
Disaster communication experts at the University of Missouri say disaster media coverage can have lasting effects on children's mental health and suggest teachers and parents be prepared to respond to questions during and after a catastrophe.

Researchers develop method to transfer entire 2D circuits to any smooth surface

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
Rice University engineers develop a method to transfer complete, flexible, two-dimensional circuits from their fabrication platforms to curved and other smooth surfaces. Such circuits are able to couple with near-field electromagnetic waves and offer next-generation sensing for optical fibers and other applications.

Yin and yang: Opposites in nature, fluoride and lithium, compete for higher energy batteries

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
The same fluoride in your toothpaste might soon compete with lithium for longer-lasting batteries.

Computers can 'spot the difference' between healthy brains and the brains of people with DID

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
Machine-learning and neuroimaging techniques have been used to accurately distinguish between individuals with Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) and healthy individuals, on the basis of their brain structure, in new research part funded by the NIHR Maudsley Biomedical Research Centre and published in The British Journal of Psychiatry.

Information on reproductive health outcomes lacking in Catholic hospitals

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
As Catholic health care systems expand nationwide, little is known about the reproductive outcomes of their patients compared to patients in other settings, according to researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.

More patient family-provider communication could mean fewer errors

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
New research from Boston Children's Hospital finds that harmful medical errors decreased by 38 percent following intervention to improve communication between healthcare providers and patients and families. The study is led by Alisa Khan, M.D., M.P.H., a pediatric hospitalist and researcher at Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School and is published in British Medical Journal today.

Climate players: Animals can swing a landscape's capacity to store carbon

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
In ecosystems across the world, wild animals trigger feedback effects that can alter a landscape's capacity to absorb, release, or transport carbon, according to a new paper published in Science. Using a growing body of research, the authors explain how animal ecology, ecosystem modeling, and remote sensing can be integrated to more accurately predict and manage carbon cycling across landscapes.

Pot withdrawal eased for dependent users

EurekAlert! - Mié, 12/05/2018 - 23:00
A new drug can help people diagnosed with cannabis use disorder reduce withdrawal symptoms and marijuana use, a new Yale-led study published Dec. 6 in the journal Lancet Psychiatry shows.

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