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Mystery of butterfly research resolved

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
It has only been one year since the material scientists around Prof. Erdmann Spiecker from the Centre for Nanoanalysis and Electron Microscopy (CENEM) at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) were granted funding for one of the world's best X-ray microscopes and they could already help unravelling an open question in butterfly research with fascinating 3D analyses.

Rethinking exercise: Replace punishing workouts with movement that makes you happy

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
Many women start fitness programs to lose weight, and when they don't, they feel like failures and stop exercising

Stem cells may significantly improve tendon healing by regulating inflammation

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
New research published online in The FASEB Journal suggests that tendon stem may be able to significantly improve tendon healing by regulating inflammation, which contributes to scar-like tendon healing and chronic matrix degradation. This has implications for the treatment of acute tendon injuries and chronic tendon disease.

Increased lysyl oxidase may be a significant contributor to heart disease and cancer

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
It's known that people with high blood pressure have increased levels of the enzyme lysyl oxidase (LOX), but it has not been clear if LOX actually contributes to heart disease. Now, a new research report appearing online in The FASEB Journal helps answer this question by showing that LOX does negatively affect heart function in mice.

Solar cells more efficient thanks to new material standing on edge

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
Researchers from Lund University in Sweden and from Fudan University in China have successfully designed a new structural organization using the promising solar cell material perovskite. The study shows that solar cells increase in efficiency thanks to the material's ability to self-organise by standing on edge.

Research decoding the first deep-sea mussel genome published in Nature

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
A joint research led by HKBU and HKUST has assembled the 1.64 gigabytes genome of a deep-sea mussel, which is roughly equivalent to 50 percent of the size of human genome. This is the first decoded genome among all deep-sea macrobenthic animals, revealing a complete set of DNA.

Three new mini thorn snails described from Georgia (USA), Belize and Panama

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
Computer tomographic scans are used in a pioneering initiative by Adrienne Jochum and her interdisciplinary team of scientists to describe snails too small to handle. In a paper published in the open access journal ZooKeys, the scans elucidated three new species of thorn snails - a group of tiny, fragile and colourless land snails (<2 mm) showing characteristic internal sculpture. Uncovered through molecular analysis, the new species are described from Georgia (USA), Belize and Panama.

Do consent decrees adequately address police misconduct?

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
In recent years, the US Department of Justice has forced reform in police departments through the consent decree process, in which departments have agreed to take specific actions without admitting fault or guilt.

Exposure to particulate matter from traffic and residential heating

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
A study by researchers at the University of Tartu found that exposure to traffic-related particulate matter (PM) could be associated with cardiac diseases among people in the city of Tartu, Estonia, whereas PM from residential heating did not. Results of the study adds valuable information to the current knowledge as it they confirms the link between health effects and low-level PM, and association is different depending on the PM source.

What will happen to European criminal law after Brexit?

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
Britain will not be able to select which sections of the European Union criminal law system it abides by, as was previously the case. This is according to Valsamis Mitsilegas of Queen Mary University of London in the UK, author of an article in Springer's journal Criminal Law Forum.

A new T-cell population for cancer immunotherapy

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
Scientists at the University of Basel in Switzerland have, for the first time, described a new T cell population that can recognize and kill tumor cells. The open access journal eLife has published the results.

You don't see what I see?

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
Kyoto University researchers shows that an ability to perceive differences between similar images depends on the cultural background of the viewer.

A review of denoising medical images using machine learning approaches

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
This paper attempts to identify suitable machine learning approach for image denoising of radiology based medical application.

Crazy for ant eggs

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
The 'yellow crazy ant' lays trophic eggs to provide nutrition to their larvae.

Recommended daily protein intake too low for the elderly

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
The minimum protein requirement for healthy adults has been set almost 15 years ago to 0.80 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. There is a growing body of evidence that this recommended dietary allowance (RDA) is not sufficient for older persons and that they would benefit from eating more proteins.

Two missing World War II B-25 bombers documented by Project Recover off Papua New Guinea

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
Two B-25 bombers associated with American servicemen missing in action from World War II were recently documented in the waters off Papua New Guinea by Project Recover -- a collaborative team of marine scientists, archaeologists and volunteers who have combined efforts to locate aircraft and associated MIAs from World War II.

'Pregnant' housefly males demonstrate the evolution of sex determination

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
An international team headed up by researchers from the University of Zurich has discovered the gene that determines the male sex in houseflies. Surprisingly, the sex-determining mechanisms are not the same for all houseflies -- they depend on where the insects live. This knowledge not only helps us better understand the evolution of sex determination, but also aids in the control of agricultural pests or carriers of disease.

Phone-based transitional care program has high engagement among surgical patients

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
A research team used the framework of a successful phone-based transitional care program adapted to the needs of surgical patients, based on a systems engineering approach. The researchers found the program was feasible for hospital staff to implement and provided a positive experience for patients, according to study results published as an 'article in press' on the Journal of the American College of Surgeons website ahead of print publication.

Collecting real-time data for material microstructural evolution during radiation exposure

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
It may be surprising to learn that much remains unknown about radiation's effects on materials. To find answers, Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers are developing techniques to explore the microstructural evolution and degradation of materials exposed to radiation. They report a dynamic option, this week in Applied Physics Letters, to continuously monitor the properties of materials being exposed to radiation during the exposure. This provides real-time information about a material's microstructural evolution.

Scientists uncover dietary strategy to address obesity using component in red chili

EurekAlert! - Lun, 05/22/2017 - 22:00
Scientists have discovered a dietary strategy that may address obesity by reducing endotoxemia, a major contributor to chronic, low-grade inflammation (CLGI). The researchers uncovered an interaction between dietary capsaicin (CAP), the major pungent component in red chili, and gut microbiota. This novel mechanism for the anti-obesity effect of CAP acts through prevention of microbial dysbiosis.

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