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Cardiovascular-related deaths higher for US Hispanics who live in counties with higher Hispanic populations

EurekAlert! - Mar, 09/18/2018 - 22:00
US Hispanics who live in areas heavily populated by Hispanics face more cardiovascular death than those who live in more diverse counties.Compared with counties that had the lowest Hispanic populations, those with the highest had 60 percent more Hispanic mortality from cardiovascular disease (215.3 vs. 134.2 per 100,000).Counties with higher Hispanic populations may face more socioeconomic disadvantages, a lack of access to quality health care, and language barriers.

New research helps to instill persistence in children

EurekAlert! - Mar, 09/18/2018 - 22:00
Encouraging children 'to help,' rather than asking them to 'be helpers,' can instill persistence as they work to fulfill daily tasks that are difficult to complete, finds a new psychology study.

New fungus found to cause cankers and declines in pistachio trees in Sicily, Italy

EurekAlert! - Mar, 09/18/2018 - 22:00
Since 2010, pistachio farmers from Sicily have been reporting a disease on the trees, characterised by cankers and declines, sometimes leading to the collapse of entire plants. Having surveyed 15 pistachio orchards from three provinces, as well as potted plants, an international team of researchers identified a new disease caused by a previously unknown fungus. The aetiology of the disease and the new pathogenic species are described in the open access journal MycoKeys.

Strength-based exercises could help child obesity fight, study finds

EurekAlert! - Mar, 09/18/2018 - 22:00
Encouraging young people to do strength-based exercises -- such as squats, push ups and lunges -- could play a key role in tackling child obesity, research suggests.

Changes are needed to fund US water infrastructure

EurekAlert! - Mar, 09/18/2018 - 22:00
Water infrastructure in the western United States was funded in the early and mid-20th Century by federal financing through the Bureau of Reclamation, but such financing has declined in recent decades and there has been increased interest in alternative approaches to infrastructure funding. A new Journal of the American Water Resources Association article notes that two of these approaches -- public-private partnerships and loan guarantees -- are hampered by existing federal budgetary policies, however.

Study examines foraging of mountain gorillas for sodium-rich foods

EurekAlert! - Mar, 09/18/2018 - 22:00
A new Biotropica study examines mountain gorillas in Rwanda and their foraging for sodium-rich food in both national park areas and lands managed by local communities.

Study examines how heartfelt guilt affects individuals

EurekAlert! - Mar, 09/18/2018 - 22:00
For thousands of years, people have closely associated moral cleanliness with acts of physical cleanliness. A recent study published in the Australian Journal of Psychology explored this association by eliciting guilt, a threat to one's moral purity.

Chemicals linked to endocrine disorder in older pet cats

EurekAlert! - Mar, 09/18/2018 - 22:00
New research suggests that there may be a link between higher levels of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in the environment and higher levels of hyperthyroidism in pet cats as they age. The findings are published in Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry.

What treatable traits predict future asthma attacks?

EurekAlert! - Mar, 09/18/2018 - 22:00
Investigators have assessed the prevalence of treatable traits in severe asthma and have determined which specific traits are predictive of future asthma attacks. Their findings, which are published in Respirology, are the result of an extensive national collaborative study in Australia.

Analysis finds HPV vaccine safe

EurekAlert! - Mar, 09/18/2018 - 22:00
Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) can cause certain cancers in women and men, but HPV vaccines are highly effective in preventing infection with oncogenic HPV types. A new British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology review of post-licensure data did not identify any new or unexpected safety concerns of the bivalent HPV vaccine.

Overweight and obesity linked to higher risk of urinary incontinence for women

EurekAlert! - Mar, 09/18/2018 - 22:00
Being overweight or obese is linked with an increased risk of developing urinary incontinence for young to mid-aged women, according to an Obesity Reviews analysis of all relevant published studies.

Research examines mechanisms behind cognitive decline in type 2 diabetes

EurekAlert! - Mar, 09/18/2018 - 22:00
Type 2 diabetes has been linked with an increased risk of cognitive dysfunction and dementia, but the underlying mechanisms are uncertain. In a new Diabetic Medicine study, imaging tests revealed that changes in white matter regions of the brain that are indicative of small vessel disease are associated with decreased processing speed (the the time it takes a person to do a mental task) in people with Type 2 diabetes.

Searching for new bridge forms that can span further

EurekAlert! - Mar, 09/18/2018 - 22:00
Newly identified bridge forms could enable significantly longer bridge spans to be achieved in the future, potentially making a crossing over the Strait of Gibraltar, from the Iberian Peninsula to Morocco, feasible. The new bridge forms -- identified by a team of researchers from the University of Sheffield and Brunel University London, working with long span bridge expert Ian Firth of engineering consultants COWI -- use a new mathematical modelling technique to identify optimal forms for very long-span bridges.

Obesity and vitamin D deficiency may indicate greater risk for breast cancer

EurekAlert! - Mar, 09/18/2018 - 22:00
Vitamin D is already well known for its benefits in building healthy bones. A new study supports the idea that it also may reduce cancer risk as well as breast cancer mortality, especially in women with a lower body mass index. Study results are published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS).

Arthritis and depression often occur together in older adults

EurekAlert! - Mar, 09/18/2018 - 22:00
Arthritis is common in individuals with varying degrees of depression, according to a new International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry study.

Creating 3D printed 'motion sculptures' from 2D videos

EurekAlert! - Mar, 09/18/2018 - 22:00
The new system uses an algorithm that can take D videos and turn them into 3D printed 'motion sculptures' that show how a human body moves through space. In addition to being an intriguing aesthetic visualization of shape and time, the team envisions that their 'MoSculp' system could enable a much more detailed study of motion for professional athletes, dancers, or anyone who wants to improve their physical skills.

Zebrafish research highlights role of locus coeruleus in anesthesia

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
Recently, researchers from the Institute of Neuroscience and Zunyi Medical College, by using a larval zebrafish model, revealed that two commonly used intravenous anesthetic drugs, propofol and etomidate, suppress the excitability of locus coeruleus neurons via synergic mechanisms -- thus inhibiting presynaptic excitatory inputs and inducing membrane hyperpolarization of these cells.

Looking back in time to watch for a different kind of black hole

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
A simulation done by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology has suggested what astronomers should look for if they search the skies for a direct collapse black hole in its early stages.

Quantum anomaly -- breaking a classical symmetry with ultracold atoms

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
Fundamental research: FLEET study of ultracold atomic gases at Swinburne University of Technology finds quantum anomaly, strongly interacting particles breaking classical symmetry in a 2D Fermi gas. Out today in Physical Review Letters.

No increased risk of lung infections among infants using popular anti-reflux medicines

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
New University of Otago research shows infants using popular anti-reflux medicines like omeprazole are not at increased risk of pneumonia or other lower respiratory tract infections, contrary to findings from other international studies.

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