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Atoms and Josephson junctions simulate 1D quantum liquid

physicsworld.com - Jue, 10/19/2017 - 09:43
Quantum simulators confirm Tomonaga–Luttinger theory

Barrow researchers use novel imaging to predict spinal degeneration

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Research by a Barrow Neurological Institute neurosurgery team on novel imaging technique assessment of patients with lumbar spine degeneration was published in the Aug. 28 issue of PLOS ONE.

How solar peaker plants could replace gas peakers

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Under a technology 2 market R&D contract with the DOE, CEO Hank Price of Solar Dynamics did the math on operating a tower CSP project in Arizona or California as a solar version of a typical gas peaker plant, by storing all of its solar energy thermally to be delivered in the evening just for 5 or 6-hours as dispatchable CSP (D-CSP). (see how CSP thermal solar storage works).

Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's researchers laud FDA approval of CAR T-cell therapy

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Following a successful clinical trial involving Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital, the first chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy for adult cancers was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today. Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center, the only facility in the northeast to be part of the clinical trial, is one of a few locations certified to offer this new therapy nationwide.

'Y' a protein unicorn might matter in glaucoma

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
A protein shaped like a 'Y' makes scientists do a double-take and may change the way they think about a protein sometimes implicated in glaucoma. The Y is a centerpiece in myocilin, binding four other components nicknamed propellers together like balloons on strings.

New NASA study improves search for habitable worlds

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
New NASA research is helping to refine our understanding of candidate planets beyond our solar system that might support life.

Maternal diet may program child for disease risk, but better nutrition later can change that

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Research has shown that a mother's diet during pregnancy, particularly one that is high-fat, may program her baby for future risk of certain diseases such as diabetes. A new study from nutrition researchers at the University of Illinois shows that switching the offspring to a new diet -- a low-fat diet, in this case -- can reverse that programming.

New gene editing approach for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency shows promise in UMMS study

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
A study published in the journal Molecular Therapy by Christian Mueller, PhD, shows that using nuclease-free gene editing to correct cells with the mutation that causes alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency leads to repopulation of a diseased liver with healthy cells. It has the potential to prevent liver and lung damage from forming in very young alpha-1 patients.

NASA's MAVEN mission finds mars has a twisted tail

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Mars has an invisible magnetic 'tail' that is twisted by interaction with the solar wind, according to new research using data from NASA's MAVEN spacecraft.

Infidelity can be forgiven -- but at a cost

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Most people who have been unfaithful do not believe it when their partner says they forgive them. And the fact that men often do not realize that emotional infidelity is a problem just feeds the conflict.

The microbial anatomy of an organ

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
University of California San Diego researchers have developed the first 3-D spatial visualization tool for mapping 'omics' data onto whole organs. The tool helps researchers and clinicians understand the effects of chemicals, such as microbial metabolites and medications, on a diseased organ in the context of microbes that also inhabit the region. The work could advance targeted drug delivery for cystic fibrosis and other conditions where medications are unable to penetrate.

Two-dimensional materials gets a new theory for control of properties

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Desirable properties including increased electrical conductivity, improved mechanical properties, or magnetism for memory storage or information processing may be possible because of a theoretical method to control grain boundaries in two-dimensional materials, according to Penn State materials scientists.

The birth of a new protein

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
A yeast protein that evolved from scratch can fold into a compact three-dimensional shape -- contrary to the general understanding of young proteins. Recent evidence suggests new genes can arise from the non-coding sections, or 'junk,' DNA and that those new genes could code for brand-new proteins. Scientists thought such newly evolved proteins were works-in-progress that could not fold into complex shapes the way more ancient proteins do.

Climate shifts shorten marine food chain off California

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Environmental disturbances such as El Niño shake up the marine food web off Southern California, new research shows, countering conventional thinking that the hierarchy of who-eats-who in the ocean remains largely constant over time.

Eye-catching labels stigmatize many healthy foods

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Labels such as organic, fair-trade and cage free may be eye-catching but are often free of any scientific basis and stigmatize many healthy foods, a new University of Delaware-led study found.

Expert: Be concerned about how apps collect, share health data

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Ostherr among national experts presenting at US Department of Health and Human Services Oct. 26 'Data Privacy in the Digital Age' event.

Newly discovered viral marker could help predict flu severity in infected patients

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Flu viruses contain defective genetic material that may activate the immune system in infected patients, and new research published in PLOS Pathogens suggests that lower levels of these molecules could increase flu severity.

Metallic nanoparticles will help to determine the percentage of volatile compounds

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Researchers from the Faculties of Chemistry and of Materials Science of Lomonosov Moscow State University have developed a new way of increasing the sensitivity of detecting volatile compounds, especially chlorine, using metallic nanoparticles. The work has been published in the Talanta journal.

NASA sees Tropical Depression 26W form and quickly unravel

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
Tropical Depression 26W formed early on Oct. 19 and by late morning the storm was already coming unraveled in NASA satellite imagery.

IU business law scholars: Leidos case shouldn't have reached Supreme Court

EurekAlert! - Mié, 10/18/2017 - 22:00
One of the most anticipated cases to be argued before the US Supreme Court this term -- Leidos v. Indiana Public Retirement System -- was settled Monday. But two professors in Indiana University's Kelley School of Business continue to raise serious questions as to why the case ever would have come before the nation's highest court.

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