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Understanding epilepsy in pediatric tumors

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
A KAIST research team led by Professor Jeong Ho Lee of the Graduate School of Medical Science and Engineering has recently identified a neuronal BRAF somatic mutation that causes intrinsic epileptogenicity in pediatric brain tumors.

Social animals have tipping points, too

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
Quantitative tools developed in math and physics to understand bifurcations in dynamical systems could help ecologists and biologists better understand -- and predict -- tipping points in animal societies.

Why do we love bees but hate wasps?

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
A lack of understanding of the important role of wasps in the ecosystem and economy is a fundamental reason why they are universally despised whereas bees are much loved, according to UCL-led research.

Sugar in yogurt leaves a sour taste

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
A comprehensive survey of ingredients in yogurts available in UK supermarkets highlights high sugar levels in many -- particularly organic yogurts and those marketed towards children.

AI improves doctors' ability to correctly interpret tests and diagnose lung disease

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
Artificial intelligence (AI) can be an invaluable aid to help lung doctors interpret respiratory symptoms accurately and make a correct diagnosis, according to new research presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress.

Green space near home during childhood linked to fewer respiratory problems in adulthood

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
Children who have access to green spaces close to their homes have fewer respiratory problems, such as asthma and wheezing, in adulthood, according to new research presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress. In contrast, children who are exposed to air pollution are more likely to experience respiratory problems as young adults.

Air pollution may be linked to heightened dementia risk

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
Air pollution may be linked to a heightened risk of developing dementia, finds a London-based observational study, published in the online journal BMJ Open.The associations found couldn't be explained by factors known to influence the risks of developing the condition, say the researchers.

Sugar content of most supermarket yogurts well above recommended threshold

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
The sugar content of most types of yogurt is well above the recommended threshold, reveals an analysis of the nutrient content of available UK supermarket products. And organic varieties, often viewed as healthier options, contain some of the highest average sugar content, at 13.1 g/100 g, the findings indicate.

Airbnb distribution may depend on who lives there, not just distance to city center

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
Distribution of Airbnbs may follow the same pattern across different cities, and several factors, including the number of residents who work in the creative industries, may determine their location, according to an article published in EPJ Data Science.

In a tiny worm, a close-up view of where genes are working

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
A team at Princeton's Lewis-Sigler Institute for Integrative Genomics has produced new resources for research involving the roundworm C. elegans: a comprehensive view of which genes are active in each of the four major tissues of adult worms, as well as a tool for predicting gene activity across 76 more specific cell types.

For-profit hospitals correlated with higher readmission rates

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
Patients who receive care in a for-profit hospital are more likely to be readmitted than those who receive care in nonprofit or public hospitals, according to a new study published by University of Illinois at Chicago researchers.

Tweaking cells' gatekeepers could lead to new way to fight cancer

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
Salk Institute researchers have devised a way to manipulate numbers of individual nuclear pores -- a breakthrough that may one day stop cancerous cells from proliferating out of control.

Kessler researchers show Speed of Processing Training effective in multiple sclerosis

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
'These results indicate that processing speed is fundamental to higher order cognitive function in individuals with MS,' said Dr. Chiaravalloti, the Foundation's director of Neuropsychology, Neuroscience, and Traumatic Brain Injury Research. 'Looking at the impact of cognitive interventions on neuropsychological measures isn't enough, however. The outcomes of our research studies need to include the effects of cognitive rehabilitation protocols on how people perform in their daily lives.'

Cash, carbon, crude: How to make oil fields bury emissions

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
A new analysis looks at what it would take for oil companies to start pumping millions of tons of carbon dioxide into their wells to boost crude production -- and what it would mean for the climate.

Study on jararaca pit vipers links 'giant' specimens proliferation to predators

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
In São Paulo, Brazil, it is the lesser presence of predators, not large food supply, that can explain why an isolated green area concentrates more giant pit vipers than a wide forest reserve.

Making happiness last longer

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
The happiness derived from a purchase may last longer for those who set broader goals for the experience.

How slick water and black shale in fracking combine to produce radioactive waste

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
Study explains how radioactive radium transfers to wastewater in the widely-used method to extract oil and gas.

UTMB adapts Zika vaccine to fight brain cancer

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
Researchers at The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have successfully harnessed their Zika virus vaccine to target and kill brain cancer known as glioblastoma.

International study suggest ancient globalization

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
Using energy consumption as a measure, a team of international scientists has found that ancient civilizations engaged in globalization more than previously believed, suggesting that an integrated global economy is nothing new and may have benefited societies for ages.

Study uncovers new hurdle for developing immunotherapies

EurekAlert! - Lun, 09/17/2018 - 22:00
The discovery made by Notre Dame researchers and their collaborators tosses a new wrench into the process of building better molecules to develop immunotherapies.

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