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Identifying individual atmospheric equatorial waves from a total flow field

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
A new study presents a method for identifying individual equatorial waves in wind and geopotential height fields using horizontal wave structures derived from classical equatorial wave theory.

Allergies: Cross-reactivity between cypress pollen and peaches/citrus fruits explained

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
In collaboration with teams from the Czech Republic and Japan, researchers from the Institut Pasteur, (AP-HP), and (AP-HM) have identified the likely origin of the cross-reactivity between cypress pollen, peaches and citrus fruits. Their work has shown that these sources contain allergens belonging to a new family of proteins involved in pollen food associated syndrome. This discovery, published in JACI on Aug. 3, paves the way for the development of novel allergy diagnostic tests.

Right kind of collaboration is key to solving environmental problems

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Society's ability to solve environmental problems is tied to how different actors collaborate and the shape and form of the networks they create, says a new study from researchers at Stockholm Resilience Centre which is published in the journal Science.

CAS scientists make autism advance using monkey model

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Recently, researchers from Dr. Zhang Yongqing's group at the Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) found neurodevelopmental abnormality in a SHANK3-deficient non-human primate for the first time.

Gene variant activity is surprisingly variable between tissues

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Every tissue has its own pattern of active alleles, a large-scale study led by an international team of scientists at the CeMM Research Center for Molecular Medicine of the Austrian Academy of Sciences has found. Researchers of the former group of Denise Barlow were able to show that the differential allele activity is regulated by tissue-specific, regulatory DNA elements known as enhancers - a process that could also be involved in many diseases.

Histone 1, the guardian of genome stability

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Genomic instability is the main risk factor for tumor development in humans. Therefore understanding its origin and and exploring therapeutic targets is paramount.Histone 1 silences a region of the genome that causes irreparable DNA damage when translated and is lethal for the organism.

The Western Ghats of India revealed two new primitive species of earthworm

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Having conducted a survey of the earthworms in the Western Ghats mountains, India, a team of four scientists discovered two species new to science. Both belong to a primitive family. They are described in the open access journal ZooKeys.

Citrus: From luxury item to cash crop

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
New research from Tel Aviv University reveals that citrons and lemons were status symbols for the ancient Roman ruling elite. It also plots the route and evolution of the citrus trade in the ancient Mediterranean.

Doctors exploring how to prescribe income security

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Physicians at St. Michael's Hospital are studying how full-time income support workers hired by health-care clinics can help vulnerable patients or those living in poverty improve their finances and their health.

Climate change and habitat conversion combine to homogenize nature

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Climate change and habitat conversion to agriculture are working together to homogenize nature, indicates a study in the journal Global Change Biology led by the University of California, Davis. In other words, the more things change, the more they are the same.

Mount Sinai identifies mechanism for resilience in people with high risk of bipolar disorder

Jue, 08/17/2017 - 22:00
Researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have identified a brain mechanism in siblings of bipolar patients that makes them resilient to bipolar disorder. The results suggest that the brain is able to adapt to the biological risk for bipolar disorder and open new avenues in pursuing further research to enhance resilience in those at risk and currently affected.

Researchers unlock cheesemaking secret

Mié, 08/16/2017 - 22:00
Researchers say their new knowledge on the inner workings of a bacterium has important implications for Australia's billion dollar cheese industry.University of Queensland School of Agriculture and Food Sciences researcher Associate Professor Mark Turner said a discovery by a UQ, Columbia University and University of Washington research group had explained the regulation of an enzyme in the bacterium Lactococcus, which is used as a starter culture in cheese production.

Solutal Marangoni flows of miscible liquid drive transport without surface contamination

Mié, 08/16/2017 - 22:00
A research team led by Hyoungsoo Kim, a professor of Mechanical Engineering at KAIST, succeeded in quantifying the phenomenon called, the Marangoni effect, which occurs at the interface between alcohol and water. It is expected that this finding will be a valuable resource used for effectively removing impurities from a surface fluid without any contamination, and developing materials that can replace surfactants.

Archaeologists uncover ancient trading network in Vietnam

Mié, 08/16/2017 - 22:00
A team of archaeologists from The Australian National University has uncovered a vast trading network which operated in Vietnam from around 4,500 years ago up until around 3,000 years ago.

Spoiler alert: Computer simulations provide preview of upcoming eclipse

Mié, 08/16/2017 - 22:00
A research team from Predictive Science Inc. (PSI) used the Stampede2 supercomputer at The University of Texas at Austin's Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC) to forecast the corona of the sun during the upcoming eclipse. The findings shed light on what the eclipse of the sun might look like Aug. 21 when it will be visible across much of the US, tracing a 70-mile-wide band across 14 states.

Data revealed under FOI shows benefits of MS drug currently blocked by regulators

Mié, 08/16/2017 - 22:00
A drug that is blocked by the EU regulatory system has now been found to improve the quality of life of people with multiple sclerosis, according to a study by Queen Mary University of London.

Contraceptive pill linked to lowered risk of rheumatoid arthritis

Mié, 08/16/2017 - 22:00
Taking the contraceptive pill, particularly for seven or more consecutive years, is linked to a lowered risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis, finds research published online in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

First evidence that e-cigarettes may be prompting UK teens to try the real thing

Mié, 08/16/2017 - 22:00
E-cigarettes may be prompting UK teens to start smoking the real thing, and to escalate tobacco consumption, finds the first UK study to report this trend, and published online in the journal Tobacco Control.

Schoolchildren who use e-cigarettes are more likely to try tobacco

Mié, 08/16/2017 - 22:00
New research suggests that teenagers who had tried an e-cigarette were almost four times more likely to start smoking a conventional cigarette within a year, when compared to classmates who had not.

Only two-thirds of trainee GPs plan to work in NHS general practice

Mié, 08/16/2017 - 22:00
A new study by the University of Warwick indicates that only two in three doctors who are completing their training to become GPs plan to work in NHS general practice.

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